Command Line Options¶
The tool can be run by using scripts (
retrascope.sh for Unix-like OS,
retrascope.bat for Window-like OS).
In this document the command line interface for Retrascope is described.
By default, the tool is run with "--help" option. Here is an output of the tool that is run with "--help" option:
usage: files [options] --engine <arg> Set a subset of engines --help Show this message --log <arg> Set a log file --log-level <arg> Set a log level --solver-debug Set debug mode for SMT solver --target <arg> Set a target entity --tool-debug-file <arg> Set debug mode and save info to debug log file
This output shows four main categories of Retrascope command line options: source files, engines, logging mode and targets.
Options can be put into command line in an arbitrary order.
Options can have multi-values i.e. sequences of values, separated by system-dependent symbols. For example, for running the tool on multiple Verilog files (
file3.v) on *nix OS, do the following:
--target cfg file1.v:file2.v:file3.v
while on Windows:
--target cfg file1.v;file2.v;file3.v
This option keeps paths to files that contain source code of hardware modules.
The Retrascope can elaborate hardware descriptions written in synthesizable subsets of VHDL and Verilog. For current version of the tool it is possible to elaborate the source code when it satisfies some limitations.
For VHDL - no loop-cycles, no other modules' instantiations, no wait-constructions, no function calls, no 'Z' or 'X' values, code size is less than 1 KLOC.
For Verilog - similar to VHDL.
If these limitations are satisfied there is a high probability that Retrascope will be able to elaborate your design:-) Otherwise an exception will occur.
It is possible to run the Retrascope both on several VHDL and Verilog designs. In such case a composite inner representation based on Control FLow Graph model will be constructed.
To transform VHDL design into Control Flow Graph model you need to run Retrascope with the following parameters:
--target cfg --module-name module_name /path/to/file/file.vhd
where "cfg" encodes Control Flow Graph model as target, and "module-name" is a string name of the top-level module of the specified VHDL file. For example, to elaborate the following VHDL design (that is saved in the hello.vhd file):
entity hello_world is end; architecture hello_world_arc of hello_world is begin stimulus : process begin assert false report "Hello World" severity note; end process stimulus; end hello_world_arc;
we need to run Retrascope with the following parameters:
--target cfg --module-name hello_world /path/to/file/hello.vhd
You may omit the "--module-name" option in the case you are going to elaborate a single VHDL module which name is the same as it's toplevel module name.
From the tool point of view, the Retrascope operates with entities. One kind of these entities called "source files" was described in the previous section and for it's elaboration the default tool components (called HDL parsers) are used.
Other entities may be treated as equivalent transformations of source code, or as data that can be extracted from source code (for example, like knowledge about module interfaces) or constructed (like module-level tests). Every entity which representation is included into Retrascope is stronlge connected with the tool component called "engine".
To select the entity the user wants to get as result, the "target" option is needed to be initialized. For example, to get the EFSM (Extended Finite State Machine) that is stored into GraphML graphical format, the Retrascope should be run with the following options (for Verilog design called example.v):
--target efsm-graphml example.vHere is the list of all target options of Retrascope:
|cfg||Control flow graph model|
|cfg-graphml||Control flow graph model that is saved in the GraphML file|
|cfginterface||Interface (input and output signals) of control flow graph model|
|cgaa||Clocked guarded atomic actions model|
|cgaa-graphml||Clocked guarded atomic actions model that is saved in the GraphML file|
|conflicts-xml||Conflict model that is saved in the XML file|
|efsm||Extended finite state machine model|
|efsm-graphml||Extended finite state machine model that is saved in the GraphML file|
|hldd||High-level decision diagram (HLDD) model|
|smv||HLDD model stored in the SMV file|
|smv-launch||SMV file execution by the model checker|
Engines¶As it is described above, the Retrascope consists of components called "engines" for source files & models elaboration. The Retrascope tool takes the target and constructs a sequence of engines called "toolchain" that reaches the specified target as a result. If the specified target is unreachable, the tool returns an error message.
When the specified target can be reached by several toolchains, the user can select the desired one by selecting engines with special option called "engine".
Here is the list of all engines of Retrascope:
|verilog-parser||Parser of hardware modules descriptions written in Verilog|
|vhdl-parser||Parser of hardware modules descriptions written in VHDL|
|cfg-graphml-printer||Printer of control flow graph model into GraphML format|
|cfg-cgaa-transformer||Transformer of control flow graph model into clocked guarded actions model|
|cfg-cfginterface-extractor||Extractor of interface signals of control flow graph model|
|cfg-random-test-generator||Random test generator for control flow graph model|
|cgaa-graphml-printer||Printer of clocked guarded atomic actions model into GraphML format|
|cgaa-efsm-transformer||Transformer of control flow graph model into extended finite state machine model|
|cgaa-hldd-transformer||Transformer of control flow graph model into high-level decision diagram model|
|efsm-graphml-printer||Printer of extended finite state machine model into GraphML format|
|efsm-fate-test-generator||The FATE test generator from extended finite state machine model|
|efsm-test-generator||Generator of tests from extended finite state machine model|
|efsm-transition-assertion-extractor||Extractor of EFSM transition assertions|
|efsm-conflict-extractor||Extractor of conflict model from extended finite state machine|
|conflict-xml-printer||Printer of conflict model into XML format|
|hldd-smv-printer||Prints the high-level decision diagram model into SMV format|
|smv-modelchecker-launcher||Executes a SMV file by the model checker|
|smv-test-parser||Parser of tests from the model checker output|
|test-xml-printer||Printer of tests into XML format|
|xml-test-parser||Parser of XML format files keeping the tests|
|test-vhdl-testbench-printer||Creates VHDL testbenches on the basis of an HDL source code and generated tests|
|test-verilog-testbench-printer||Creates Verilog testbenches on the basis of an HDL source code and generated tests|
|Option name||Description||Acceptable value|
|printer-style||Set a printer style||VERILOG/VHDL|
Some engines have individual command line options. Here is the list of all engine-specific options:
|Engine name||Option||Description||Acceptable value||Default value|
|<any>||disable-backends||Disables all the backends (optimizations) that names are specified||path separator separated names of backends (run "--disable-backends help" for more details)|
|<any>||no-backends||Disables all the backends (optimizations) for the engine|
|verilog-parser, vhdl-parser||module-name||Toplevel module names||Names of top level HDL modules||path separator separated list of names for more than one input files; file name for only input file|
|verilog-parser, vhdl-parser||first-file-module||Get top level module name from first HDL file in a list|
|verilog-parser||include-path||Path to find included files||Any existing file system path||<none>|
|cfg-graphml-printer||graphml||Output GraphML file name||Any string name for file that is acceptable by OS||cfg-model.graphml|
|cfg-random-test-generator||test-len||Length of test sequence to be generated.||Integer number that is greater than zero||<none>|
|cfg-random-test-generator||test-seed||Random ssed value for test generation.||Integer number||0|
|cfg-random-test-generator||clk-name||Name of clock signal||Any string value||clk|
|cfg-random-test-generator||clk-lvl||Active level of clock signal||Integer number (supposed 1 or 0)||1|
|cfg-random-test-generator||rst-name||Name of reset signal||Any string value||rst|
|cfg-random-test-generator||rst-lvl||Active level of reset signal||Integer number (supposed 1 or 0)||1|
|cfg-random-test-generator||rst-delay||Reset signal delay||Integer number that is greater than 0||1|
|cfg-random-test-generator||input-values||Input signals and their possible values.||list of "name=[min,max,radix]" expressions||<none>|
|cfg-cgaa-transformer||clk-name||Name of clock variable.||String name of target module variable that is treated as clock||<none>|
|cgaa-graphml-printer||graphml||Output GraphML file name||Any string name for file that is acceptable by OS||cgaa-model.graphml|
|cgaa-efsm-transformer||state-vars||Names of state-like variables||Any string name or names separated by system separators||<none>|
|efsm-graphml-printer||graphml||Output GraphML file name||Any string name for file that is acceptable by OS||efsm-model.graphml|
|efsm-fate-test-generator||sequence-length||Amount of vectors in one randomly generated sequence||Any integer (including zero)||a total amount of states|
|efsm-fate-test-generator||sequences-number||Amount of sequences in a randomly generated fragment of a test||Any integer (including zero)||A ratio of a total amount of transitions to a total amount of states (rounded to an integer)|
|efsm-fate-test-generator||loop-limit||Loop iteration limit||Any integer which is greater than zero||1|
|efsm-fate-plus-test-generator||sequence-length||Amount of vectors in one randomly generated sequence||Any integer (including zero)||a total amount of states|
|efsm-fate-plus-test-generator||sequences-number||Amount of sequences in a randomly generated fragment of a test||Any integer (including zero)||A ratio of a total amount of transitions to a total amount of states (rounded to an integer)|
|efsm-fate-plus-test-generator||loop-limit||Loop iteration limit||Any integer which is greater than zero||1|
|efsm-test-generator||loop-limit||Loop iteration limit||Any integer which is greater than zero||1|
|efsm-conflict-extractor||search-type||Type of search performed on an extended finite state machine||BFS (Breadth-First Search) or DFS (Depth-First Search)||BFS|
|efsm-conflict-extractor||search-depth||Depth of search performed on an extended finite state machine||Any integer which is greater than zero||10|
|conflict-xml-printer||output-file||Output XML file name||Any string name for file that is acceptable by OS||conflicts.xml|
|hldd-smv-printer||output-file||Output SMV file name||Any string name for file that is acceptable by OS||model.smv|
|hldd-smv-printer||check-method||Model checking method||bdd (for CTL) or bmc (for LTL)||bmc|
|smv-modelchecker-launcher||check-method||Model checking method||bdd (for CTL) or bmc (for LTL)||bmc|
|test-xml-printer||file-name||Output XML file name||Any string name for file that is acceptable by OS||test.xml|
|test-vhdl-testbench-printer||testbench-dir||A directory where testbenches are saved||Either a relative or an absolute path to a directory. The %MODULE_NAME% placeholder is replaced by a processed design's name||testbenches/%MODULE_NAME%|
|test-vhdl-testbench-printer||overwrite-existing||Overwrite target files if they already exist|
|test-verilog-testbench-printer||testbench-dir||A directory where testbenches are saved||Either a relative or an absolute path to a directory. The %MODULE_NAME% placeholder is replaced by a processed design's name||testbenches/%MODULE_NAME%|
|test-verilog-testbench-printer||overwrite-existing||Overwrite target files if they already exist|
By default, Retrascope prints it's output to the standard error stream. It is also possible to redirect the tool output to the specified file by using
The default logging level is
INFO. It is possible to change it by means of the
--log-level option. The acceptable values are
SMT solver debug mode¶
By default, Fortress do not store the *.smt2 files through which it communicates with SMT solver. It can be enabled by setting