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Installation Guide

System Requirements

Being developed in Java, MicroTESK can be used on Windows, Linux, macOS, and other platforms with the following software installed:

To generate test data based on constraints (if required), MicroTESK needs an SMT solver such as Z3 or CVC4 (see Installing SMT Solvers).

Installation

Installation Steps

  1. Download from http://forge.ispras.ru/projects/microtesk/files and unpack a distribution package (the latest .tar.gz file).
    The destination directory will be further referred to as <INSTALL_DIR>.
  1. Set the MICROTESK_HOME environment variable to the <INSTALL_DIR> path (see Setting Environment Variables).
  1. Add the <INSTALL_DIR>/bin path to the PATH environment variable.
  1. If required, install SMT solver(s) to the <INSTALL_DIR>/tools directory (see Installing SMT Solvers).

Setting Environment Variables

Windows

  1. Start the Control Panel dialog.
  2. Click on the following items:
    - System and Security;
    - System;
    - Advanced system settings.
  3. Click on Environment Variables.
  4. Click on New... under System Variables.
  5. Specify Variable name as MICROTESK_HOME and Variable value as <INSTALL_DIR>.
  6. Click OK in all open windows.
  7. Reopen the command prompt window.

Linux and macOS

Add the command below to ~/.bash_profile (Linux) or ~/.profile (macOS):

export MICROTESK_HOME=<INSTALL_DIR>

Changes will be applied after restarting the terminal.

Installation Directory Structure

<INSTALL_DIR> contains the following subdirectories:

Directory Description
arch Microprocessor specifications and test templates
bin Scripts for model compilation and test generation
doc Documentation
etc Configuration files
gen Generated code of microprocessor models
lib JAR files and Ruby scripts
src Source code
tools SMT solvers

Installing SMT Solvers

To generate test data based on constraints, MicroTESK uses external SMT solvers. There are supported Z3 and CVC4. Solver executables should be placed to <INSTALL_DIR>/tools.

Specifying paths

If solvers are already installed, MicroTESK can find them by using the Z3_PATH and CVC4_PATH environment variables. Each _PATH variable specifies the path to the corresponding executable.

Installing Z3

  • Build Z3 as it is described in https://github.com/Z3Prover/z3.
  • Move the executable file to the following path (or create a symbolic link):
    - <INSTALL_DIR>/tools/z3/windows/z3.exe (Windows);
    - <INSTALL_DIR>/tools/z3/unix/z3 (Linux);
    - <INSTALL_DIR>/tools/z3/osx/z3 (macOS).

Installing CVC4

  • Build CVC4 as it is described in https://github.com/CVC4/CVC4/.
  • Move the executable file to the following path (or create a symbolic link):
    - <INSTALL_DIR>/tools/cvc4/windows/cvc4.exe (Windows);
    - <INSTALL_DIR>/tools/cvc4/unix/cvc4 (Linux);
    - <INSTALL_DIR>/tools/cvc4/osx/cvc4 (macOS).

Usage

Model Compilation

To compile a microprocessor model from its specification, run the following command:

  • sh compile.sh <SPECIFICATION> (Linux and macOS);
  • compile.bat <SPECIFICATION> (Windows).

For example, the actions below compile the model from the miniMIPS specification:

$ cd $MICROTESK_HOME
$ sh bin/compile.sh arch/minimips/model/minimips.nml arch/minimips/model/mmu/minimips.mmu

NOTE: Models for all demo specifications are included into the MicroTESK distribution package. There is no need to compile them.

Test Program Generation

To generate a test program for a given architecture (model) and a given test template, run the following command:

  • sh generate.sh <ARCH> <TEMPLATE> (Linux and macOS);
  • generate.bat <ARCH> <TEMPLATE> (Windows).

For example, the actions below generate a test program for the miniMIPS model compiled in the previous example and the euclid.rb test template:

$ cd $MICROTESK_HOME
$ sh bin/generate.sh minimips arch/minimips/templates/euclid.rb

The output file name depends on the --code-file-prefix and --code-file-extension options (see Command-Line Options).

To specify which SMT solver should be used to solve constraints (if required), specify the --solver <SOLVER> (or -s <SOLVER>) option, where <SOLVER> is z3 or cvc4 (by default, Z3 is used):

$ cd $MICROTESK_HOME
$ sh bin/generate.sh -s cvc4 minimips arch/minimips/templates/constraint.rb

Options

Command-Line Options

See Command-Line Options.

Settings File

Default values of options are stored in the <INSTALL_DIR>/etc/settings.xml configuration file:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<settings>
  <setting name="random-seed" value="0"/>
  <setting name="branch-exec-limit" value="1000"/>
  <setting name="code-file-extension" value="asm"/>
  <setting name="code-file-prefix" value="test"/>
  <setting name="data-file-extension" value="dat"/>
  <setting name="data-file-prefix" value="test"/>
  <setting name="exception-file-prefix" value="test_except"/>
  <setting name="program-length-limit" value="1000"/>
  <setting name="trace-length-limit" value="1000"/>
  <setting name="comments-enabled" value=""/>
  <setting name="comments-debug" value=""/>
  <setting name="default-test-data" value=""/>
  <setting
    name="arch-dirs" 
    value="cpu=arch/demo/cpu/settings.xml:minimips=arch/minimips/settings.xml" 
  />
</settings>

Updated by Alexander Kamkin 6 months ago · 106 revisions